South-South Transnational Advocacy: Brazilian dams in the Peruvian Amazon

Congratulations to ADN members Paula Franco Moreira and Simone Athayde who recently published an article on transnational governance in the global south. The article abstract is included in English, Portuguese and Spanish below, along with short biographies of the international, interdisciplinary team. Next week, we will explore the article in depth and discuss connections between Brazil and Peru and implications for dam building.

ENGLISH
South–South transnational advocacy networks (SSTANs) targeting emerging states, Southern companies, and their supporting institutions warrant nuanced distinctions from traditional transnational advocacy networks that are heavily reliant on Northern actors and targets, particularly in terms of the strategies and arguments they employ. This article analyzes the dynamics of SSTANs through the case of an environmental campaign against Brazilian hydropower projects proposed in the Peruvian Amazon. It demonstrates how Southern actors are mobilizing against new and emerging patterns of South–South cooperation, which, despite occurring on unfamiliar institutional terrain, reproduces familiar asymmetrical power relations and socioenvironmental burdens.

 

PORTUGUES
Redes transnacionais Sul-Sul de ativismo / advocacy (RTSSAs) que possuem como alvos de suas campanhas, Estados emergentes, corporações do sul e suas instituições apoiadoras (como BNDES) possuem diferenças em relação às redes tradicionais de ativismo que dependem fortemente em atores e alvos do Norte, em especial no tocante a suas estratégias e argumentos utilizados. Este artigo analisa as dinâmicas das RTSSAs através do estudo de caso da campanha socioambiental contra projetos hidrelétricos brasileiros propostos para serem instalados na Amazônia Peruana. O estudo demostra como atores do Sul estão se mobilizando contra os novos e emergentes padrões de cooperação Sul-Sul, que, apesar de em território desconhecido, reproduz relações de poder assimétrico e problemas socioambientais familiares.

 

ESPANHOL
Redes transnacionales Sud-Sud de activismo / advocacy (RTSSAs) que dirigen sus campañas a Estados emergentes, corporaciones de Sud y sus instituciones de apoyo (como el BNDES), son diferentes en comparación de las redes tradicionales de activismo que dependen fuertemente en actores del Norte, particularmente en relación a sus estrategias y argumentos utilizados. Este artículo analiza las dinámicas de las RTSSAs a traves de un estudio de caso de la campaña socioambiental Sud-Sud contra proyectos hidroeléctricos brasileños propuestos en la Amazonia Peruana. Demuestra como los actores del Sul se están movilizando contra los patrones nuevos y emergentes de cooperación Sud-Sud, que, a pesar de occurre en territorio desconocido, reproducen relaciones del poder asimétricos y problemas socioambientales familiares.

 

AUTHORS

Paula Franco Moreira is a visiting professor at the Institute of International Relations, University of Brasilia, Brazil, a technical adviser for the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit GmbH (GIZ), where she works in cooperation with Brazil’s Ministry of Environment. She obtained her PhD from the Institute for International Relations, University of Brasilia, Brazil, and has worked previously as a researcher for the Amazon Dams Network. Her research within global environmental politics specializes on climate change adaptation measures and policies; vulnerable populations, including Indigenous peoples; and transnational environmental networks.

Jonathan Kishen Gamu is a lecturer in international politics at the University of Sheffield, United Kingdom. His research analyzes the intersection of corporate power, market-based modes of natural resource management, and the environmental politics of violence in Latin America’s extractive industries sector. In 2018, he held a Brazilian National Postdoctoral Fellowship at the Institute for International Relations, University of Brasilia, Brazil. He obtained his PhD in 2017 from the University of British Columbia, Canada, where his research analyzed the political economies of governance and social conflict around “responsible” mining operations in the Andean highlands of Peru.

Cristina Yumie Aoki Inoue is an associate professor at the Institute of International Relations, University of Brasilia, Brazil. Her research focuses on socioenvironmentalism in the Brazilian Amazon, climate and biodiversity governance, the Sustainable Development Goals, transnational networks, and South–South cooperation. Currently she is the chair of the Active Learning in International Affairs Section (ALIAS) of the International Studies Association and a member of the Scientific Steering Committee of the Earth System Governance (ESG) research network.

 Simone Athayde is an environmental anthropologist and an associate scientist of the Tropical Conservation and Development Program at the Center for Latin American Studies at the University of Florida (UF). She is also the UF Leader for the Amazon Dams Network (ADN), an international network aimed at developing inter- and transdisciplinary research on the social-ecological effects of hydroelectric dam implementation in the Amazon. Her research interests include the conservation of biocultural diversity; participatory and transdisciplinary research; socialenvironmental justice; the rights of indigenous and local communities to their knowledge, heritage, and territories; and the dynamics of indigenous knowledge systems and environmental governance across Latin America.

Sônia Regina da Cal Seixas is a professor of environment and society at the Environmental Studies and Research Center (NEPAM) and the Postgraduate   Program in Energy Systems Planning at the University of Campinas (UNICAMP), Brazil. Previously, she was a postdoctoral researcher at the University of Reading, United Kingdom. She currently holds a productivity research fellowship from Brazil’s National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq).

Eduardo Viola has been professor of international relations at University of Brasilia, Brazil, and senior researcher of the Brazilian Council for Scientific and Technological Development since 1992. He holds a doctorate in political science from the University of Sao Paulo; has been a visiting professor at the universities of Stanford, Colorado, Notre Dame, and Amsterdam; and is a member of various international scientific committees. He has published nine books, more than eighty peer-reviewed articles in journals, and more than fifty book chapters in several countries. His latest book, Brazil and Climate Change: Beyond the Amazon, was published in 2018.

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